Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα Tibet. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων
Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα Tibet. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων

Κυριακή 25 Ιανουαρίου 2015

China to ban use of Tibetan sky burial for tourism. (Some travel agents have shown disrespect to the tradition)

China has set out to make a new law to regulate the traditional Tibetan practice of sky burial, which involves feeding bodies of the dead to birds. Official sources in Tibet have indicated that the use of sky burial sites as tourist attraction may be banned.
"It will be the first time for Tibet to regulate sky burials using legislation, which shows respect and offers protection to the millennium-old tradition," the official media quoted Samdrup, an official with the standing committee of the regional People's Congress.

The Regional People's Congress of Tibet, the local legislature, recently passed a bill to better regulate sky burials, covering issues like management of the site, environmental protection and qualification of ritual hosts. The purpose is to "better protect sky burials".

Chinese government has stopped the use of burial sites for tourism on several occasions in the past three decades, but the local officials have allowed it from time to time for developing tourism, sources said.

State media said that the traditional ritual has become controversial after tourists guides began leading tour groups to view the ceremony. There have been complaints that some travel agents have shown disrespect to the tradition. Tibetans and Mongolians cut bodies of the dead, and feed them to vultures and other predatory birds. It is regarded an act of generosity and a ritual that allows the soul to ascend to heaven.

The Tibetan government issued a provisional rule in 2005 that banned sightseeing, photographing and video recording at such burial sites, or publishing reports and pictures describing the rituals.

The law has been violated extensively as thousands of tourists crowd around the burial sites to watch the traditional practice. Even some monks are known to be involved in guiding tourists to the burial sites for collecting donations for their shrines. 


Πέμπτη 13 Νοεμβρίου 2014

Σινοαμερικανική Συνεργασία Αλλά και Διαφωνίες

Ο Αμερικανός πρόεδρος Μπαράκ Ομπάμα και ο Κινέζος πρόεδρος Σι Τζινπίγκ έπλεξαν χθες το εγκώμιο της σινοαμερικανικής συνεργασίας τερματίζοντας μια ασυνήθιστα παραγωγική επίσημη επίσκεψη με συνέντευξη Τύπου, στην οποία φάνηκαν οι πάγιες διαφωνίες για θέματα όπως οι διαδηλώσεις υπέρ του εκδημοκρατισμού στο Χονγκ Κονγκ και η ελευθερία του Τύπου.

Οι δύο ηγέτες χαρακτήρισαν τη συμφωνία–ορόσημο για την κλιματική αλλαγή ως παράδειγμα για το πώς οι δύο μεγαλύτερες χώρες του κόσμου μπορούν να συνεργαστούν σε κάποιους τομείς, ενώ ανταγωνίζονται σε άλλους.

«Οταν η Κίνα και οι ΗΠΑ συνεργάζονται, μπορούμε να γίνουμε άγκυρα για τη διεθνή σταθερότητα και προπέλα για την παγκόσμια ειρήνη», είπε ο κ. Σι. Ομως οι διαφορές ήταν εμφανείς στις ερωτήσεις που έθεσαν οι δημοσιογράφοι μετά τις τοποθετήσεις των δύο ηγετών.

Απαντώντας σε ερώτηση που τέθηκε προς τον κ. Ομπάμα σχετικά με το αν οι ΗΠΑ υποκινούν αστάθεια στο Χονγκ Κονγκ, ο κ. Σι προειδοποίησε τις ΗΠΑ και άλλες ξένες χώρες να μην αναμειχθούν στις διαδηλώσεις στο Χονγκ Κονγκ, τις οποίες απέρριψε ως παράνομες.

Παράλληλα ο κ. Σι απέρριψε την άποψη πως η στροφή του κ. Ομπάμα προς την Ασία, στην οποία περιλαμβάνεται περιφερειακό εμπορικό σύμφωνο χωρίς τη συμμετοχή της Κίνας, είναι μια απόπειρα των ΗΠΑ για ανάσχεση της Κίνας. Επίσης υποβάθμισε τον πρόσφατο καταιγισμό αντιαμερικανικών δηλώσεων στα κρατικά κινεζικά μέσα ενημέρωσης δηλώνοντας: «Δεν νομίζω ότι αξίζει να ασχοληθούμε με αυτό».

Συνολικά, οι δηλώσεις του κ. Σι ήταν μια σπάνια ευκαιρία να ακούσει κανείς τον Κινέζο πρόεδρο σε αυθόρμητες απαντήσεις. Δύο χρόνια μετά την έναρξη της θητείας του, ο κ. Σι δεν δίστασε να απομακρυνθεί από τις συνηθισμένες δηλώσεις περί της σημασίας των σχέσεων ανάμεσα στις «μεγάλες δυνάμεις».

Από την πλευρά του, ο κ. Ομπάμα επέμεινε στο ζήτημα της συνεργασίας. Και εκείνος αμφισβήτησε έντονα την άποψη πως η νέα έμφαση των ΗΠΑ στην Ασία συνιστά απειλή, λέγοντας ότι «η συζήτησή μας έδωσε την ευκαιρία να απορρίψουμε τον ισχυρισμό ότι η στροφή μας προς την Ασία έχει σχέση με την ανάσχεση της Κίνας».

Ο κ. Ομπάμα είπε ότι διαβεβαίωσε τον Κινέζο ομόλογό του ότι οι ΗΠΑ δεν έχουν καμία σχέση με τις διαδηλώσεις στο Χονγκ Κονγκ. «Αυτά είναι ζητήματα που θα αποφασιστούν από τον λαό του Χονγκ Κονγκ και της Κίνας»είπε, αν και δήλωσε την υποστήριξή του στο δικαίωμα της ελεύθερης έκφρασης.

Συνολικά οι αναφορές του κ. Ομπάμα στα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα ήταν προσεκτικά σταθμισμένες. Επισήμανε ότι οι ΗΠΑ δεν αναγνωρίζουν την Ταϊβάν ή το Θιβέτ και επαίνεσε τη συνεισφορά της Κίνας στις συνομιλίες με το Ιράν. Σχετικά με τη μη μετάδοση της συνέντευξης Τύπου από την κρατική κινεζική τηλεόραση, CCTV, o καθηγητής Διεθνών Σχέσεων Σι Γινχόγκ υποστήριξε ότι οι αξιωματούχοι του τμήματος προπαγάνδας δεν ήθελαν να δει η κινεζική κοινή γνώμη τον κ. Ομπάμα να μιλάει για τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα ή για το Θιβέτ, αν και ο Αμερικανός πρόεδρος «δεν είπε σκληρά πράγματα που θα ενοχλούσαν τον οικοδεσπότη του».

(από την εφημερίδα "ΚΑΘΗΜΕΡΙΝΗ", 13/11/2014)


Παρασκευή 31 Οκτωβρίου 2014

China approves new railway in Tibet

China has approved construction of a railway linking Lhasa, capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region to Nyingchi in its east, local authorities said Friday.

According to the plan approved by the National Development and Reform Commission, the Lhasa to Nyingchi section of the Sichuan-Tibet railway runs 402 km from Nyingchi to Xierong, a stop on the Lhasa-Xigaze line.

The 32-km section from Xierong to Lhasa will be electrified.

The new Tibet line was one of three rail lines approved by the country's top economic planning body. The other two are from Ordos in the northern Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to Ji'an in the eastern Jiangxi Province, and from Datong in the northern Shanxi Province to Zhangjiakou in neighboring Hebei Province. The total investment of the three is 250 billion yuan (40 billion US dollars).

The Tibet project will cost 36.6 billion yuan and take seven years to complete. Sate-owned China Railway Corporation will build and operate the line.

The designed speed for passenger trains will be 160 km per hour. The line will have a cargo capacity of 10 million tonnes per year.

"The Lhasa to Nyingchi railway section is conducive to improving the regional road network and transportation capacity to better integrate Tibet with other parts of China," said Yang Yulin, a Tibet railway official.

After completion, the Sichuan-Tibet railway will form a ring with the Qinghai-Tibet railway, which will bring more economic benefit, according to Wang Daiyuan with the Tibet Academy of Social Sciences.

Transport has long been a bottleneck for tourism in Tibet. More tourists will be able to visit Tibet via the Sichuan-Tibet railway, said Wang.

The Qinghai-Tibet railway began operations in 2006, introducing railway transportation into Tibet for the first time in history. The railway links Xining, capital of Qinghai Province, with Lhasa.

In August, a 251 km railway line linked Lhasa and Xigaze, the second city in the region.

Tourist arrivals in Tibet reached 12.9 million last year from 1.8 million in 2005. The region's gross domestic product reached 80 billion yuan in 2013, compared with 34 billion yuan in 2006.

Lines connecting Xigaze with Yadong, Jilung and Nyalam border ports are being planned.

 Source: Xinhua - globaltimes.cn

Παρασκευή 26 Σεπτεμβρίου 2014

China accelerates tourism development in Tibet

Tourism authorities have been working to make southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region a major destination, a senior tourism official said Friday.

"Tibet is the last classic treasure on the map, with its religious mystery, sound environment and many historic sites," Du Jiang, deputy director of China National Tourism Administration (CNTA), told Xinhua in an interview.

Compared with other regions in China, Tibet has plenty of space to develop, given its rich and relatively untapped tourist resources, Du said

Tibet received 12.91 million domestic and overseas tourists last year, up 22 percent from the previous year, according to CNTA data.

The influx of tourists brought Tibet 16.5 billion yuan (2.7 billion US dollars) of revenue in 2013, or more than one-fifth of the local economy.

Du stressed that tourism authorities and local governments will strike a balance between development and ecological protection. 

Sources: Xinhua - globaltimes.cn

Σάββατο 13 Σεπτεμβρίου 2014

Tibetans enjoy splashing fun on bathing festival

Crowds of Tibetans, young and old, bathed themselves in the Lhasa River on Saturday despite the early autumn chill on the Tibet Plateau.

"The water is chilly, so start with your feet. The sun is blazing and the water will soon feel warm enough," said 60-year-old Droma to Deyki, a quiet young woman who was hesitating whether to get into the water. "Come on, you can't afford to miss the fun of bathing."

The bathing festival, known in Tibetan as "Karma Rigkyi", is a week-long holiday that falls in the seventh or eighth month of the Tibetan calendar.

This year, the bathing week lasts from Sept. 9 to 15, or the 14th to 20th day in the eighth month of the Tibetan calendar.

The Tibetans traditionally believe the river water, which comes from the melting plateau snow, has healing effects and can wash away diseases.

Ancient literature on Tibetan herbal medicine also describes the water at this particular time as "sweet", "good for the throat and stomach" and "having cleansing and healing effects".

Throughout the bathing week, therefore, rivers and streams across the plateau region are filled with bathing crowds who swim, splash and pray for good health.

The bathing festival is often a time for massive cleaning, as some people also do their laundries in the river, including their whole family's clothing to bedding.

It is also a social occasion, as many people bring their tents and picnic and spend a whole day by the river, chatting and flying kites after bathing themselves.

"I like the traditional ways of life despite all the modern lifestyles and entertainment," said Dondrup, a 20-something man. "These centuries-old traditions often bring back sweet memories of my childhood and touch the deepest, softest part of my heart."

Dondrup, a driver, was washing his car with the river water after bathing himself.

Sources: Xinhua - globaltimes.cn

Τετάρτη 20 Αυγούστου 2014

Double threat for Tibet (Climate change and human development are jeopardizing the plateau’s fragile environment.)

The plateau and its surrounding mountains cover 5 million square kilo­metres and hold the largest stock of ice outside the Arctic and Antarctic; the region is thus often referred to as the Third Pole. And like the actual poles, it is increasingly feeling the effects of climate change, but rapid development is putting it doubly at risk, the report says.

Released in Lhasa on 9 August by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the government of Tibet, the assessment aimed to address gaps in knowledge about the extent of the problems the 4,500-metre-high plateau faces. It finds that precipitation has risen by 12% since 1960, and temperatures have soared by 0.4 °C per decade — twice the global average.
In addition, glaciers are shrinking rapidly and one-tenth of the permafrost has thawed in the past decade alone. This means that the number of lakes has grown by 14% since 1970, and more than 80% of them have expanded since, devastating surrounding pastures and communities.
The plateau feeds Asia’s biggest rivers (see ‘Running wild’), so these problems are likely to affect billions of people, the report says. Pollution from human and industrial waste as a result of rapid development is also a serious risk.
But the assessment also suggests ways to combat the problems, calling on the Chinese and Tibetan governments to make conservation and environmental protection top priorities. It will help in the design of “policies for mitigating climate change and striking a balance between development and conservation”, says Meng Deli, Tibet’s vice-chairman.
“The Tibetan plateau is getting warmer and wetter,” says Yao Tandong, director of the CAS Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research in Beijing, who led the assessment. This means that vegetation is expanding to higher elevations and farther north, and growing seasons are getting longer. But some areas, such as the headwater region of Asia’s biggest rivers, have become warmer and drier and are being severely affected by desertification and grassland and wetland degradation.
Human activity, too, is on the rise. The population of the plateau reached 8.8 million in 2012, about three times higher than in 1951. And the number of livestock has more than doubled, putting more strain on grasslands.

Multiple menaces

Growing urbanization is creating more waste than the region can handle. Tibet has the capacity to treat 256,000 tonnes of domestic solid waste a year, less than the amount generated by its two largest cities, Lhasa and Shigatse. “You see a lot of rubbish lying around the plateau, including headwater regions,” says Kang Shichang, a glaciologist at the CAS Institute of Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute in Lanzhou. “It’s an environmental menace.”

A bigger threat comes from mining. According to the assessment, Tibetan mines produced 100 million tonnes of wastewater in 2007 and 18.8 million tonnes of solid waste in 2009. Because most of the mines are open pits and have limited environmental oversight, “air, water and soil pollution is particularly serious”, says the report. Officials release few details about actual pollution levels.

Pollution is coming not just from local sources. Dust, black carbon, heavy metals and other toxic compounds are being blown in from Africa, Europe and southern Asia. The dust and carbon residues are darkening glaciers, making them more susceptible to melting, and the toxic chemicals are poisoning crops, livestock and wildlife.

But the threats from mining and pollution are dwarfed by the potential repercussions of changes in ice and vegetation cover, the assessment says. Different surfaces — snow, grassland, desert — reflect and absorb different amounts of solar radiation, affecting how the air above them is heated. This means that changes in coverage are likely to affect the onset and strength of Asian monsoons. It also has important ramifications for the livelihood of downstream river communities because the glaciers, permafrost and ecosystems act as a giant sponge, helping to control the release of water and prevent floods. “The significance of the assessment goes beyond national borders,” says David Molden, head of the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development in Kathmandu.

Temperatures in the plateau are projected to rise by between 1.7 °C and 4.6 °C by the end of 2100 compared with the 1996–2005 average, based on the best- and worst-case global-emissions scenarios. So as urbanization and climate change tighten their grip, researchers worry that unbridled development will devastate the plateau’s environment. To protect it, the report says, the central government must evaluate local officials on the basis of their environmental, not just economic, achievements. It must also invest more in ecological compensation, for example by paying herders more to cut their livestock numbers. Moreover, it must be much more open about pollution incidents.

“Tibet will be a test case of how seriously China takes ecological protection,” says Yao. “Safeguarding the plateau environment is crucial not only for sustainable development of the region, but also to social stability and international relations.”

Πέμπτη 14 Αυγούστου 2014

Tibet's intangible heritage well-protected, says official

LHASA, Aug. 13 (Xinhua) -- The Chinese government's efforts to preserve intangible heritage in Tibet and other ethnic regions have proven effective, said sources at the first Tibet development forum Wednesday.

"Of the 386 million yuan (62.7 million U.S. dollars) for cultural heritage preservation allocated by the central treasury between 2002 and 2009, about a quarter was spent in ethnic regions including Tibet," said Li Jianhui, a culture promotion official with the State Ethnic Affairs Commission.

Over the past eight years , the central treasury allocated a total of 97.2 million yuan to intangible heritage in Tibet Autonomous Region, said Li.

The plateau region is home to more than 1,000 intangible heritage items, including the famous Tibetan opera and the Epic of King Gesar, which have been listed as World Intangible Cultural Heritage items by UNESCO.

Preservation of cultural essence is aimed at passing on the heritage to future generations, said Li.

"A total of 4 million copies of the Tibetan language edition of King Gesar have been published, averaging one copy for each Tibetan adult," he said.

Other forms of intangible cultural heritage in Tibet include traditional music, dancing, craftsmanship and traditional herbal medicine and folkways.

More than 100,000 articles, nearly 2,000 audio and video clips and 45,000 pictures have been collected since Tibet started a census on intangible cultural heritage in 2006, according to figures provided by Tibet's regional government.

Κυριακή 3 Αυγούστου 2014

M6.1 deadly quake rattles southwest China

Earthquake kills at least 175 and injures more than 1,400 others in Yunnan province.

An earthquake has struck southwestern China, killing at least 175 people in a remote mountainous area of Yunnan province, and causing some buildings, including a school, to collapse.

Some 1,400 people were injured and 181 missing, Xinhua and state broadcaster CCTV said, citing the authorities.
The official Xinhua news agency said that the epicentre of Sunday's quake was in Longtoushan town in Yunnan's Ludian county.
Communications have been seriously affected and rescuers are rushing to the scene, the report said.

Al Jazeera's Adrian Brown, reporting from Kunshan, China, said: "This quake has happened in a very very remote area of southwest China.

"The difficulty for rescuers is going to be the time it takes to reach this area."
Pictures posted online by state media showed troops stretchering people away, and bricks which had fallen off buildings damaging cars, Reuters news agency reported. 

'Not quake proof'
Many people rushed out of buildings onto the street after the quake hit, electricity supplies were cut and at least one school collapsed, Xinhua added.

"The problem is a lot of the structures in this area are simply not quake proof. This is a very impoversihed region and very remote", Brown reported.

The US Geological Survey said the quake registered at shallow depth of less than 1 mile (1.6 km). Chinese state media said was felt most strongly Yunnan, as well as in the neighbouring provinces of Guizhou and Sichuan.
The government is sending 2,000 tents, 3,000 folding beds, 3,000 quilts and 3,000 coats to the disaster zone, the report said.
Ludian is home to some 265,900 people, Xinhua added. China is frequently struck by quakes in this part of the country. A quake in Sichuan in 2008 killed almost 70,000 people.
A quake in the same region in 2012 kiled 80 people.
Earlier in the day a less severe quake struck Tibet, causing no casualties.

  • M 6.1 - SICHUAN-YUNNAN-GUIZHOU RG, CHINA - 2014-08-03 08:30:14 UTC....local time: 16:30.....

MagnitudeMw 6.1
Date time2014-08-03 08:30:14.1 UTC
Location27.26 N ; 103.50 E
Depth10 km
Distances258 km N of Kunming, China / pop: 1,023,674 / local time: 16:30:14.1 2014-08-03
22 km W of Zhaotong, China / pop: 109,400 / local time: 16:30:14.1 2014-08-03

  • M6.1 - 11km WNW of Wenping, China

  • Event Time

  1. 2014-08-03 08:30:13 UTC
  2. 2014-08-03 16:30:13 UTC+08:00 at epicenter
  3. 2014-08-03 11:30:13 UTC+03:00 system time
  • Location

27.245°N 103.427°E depth=10.0km (6.2mi)
  • Nearby Cities

  1. 11km (7mi) WNW of Wenping, China
  2. 29km (18mi) WSW of Zhaotong, China
  3. 91km (57mi) WNW of Weining, China
  4. 135km (84mi) ESE of Xichang, China
  5. 731km (454mi) NNW of Ha Noi, Vietnam

Κυριακή 27 Ιουλίου 2014

China to upgrade transport infrastructures in Tibet (will also build more airports in Tibet)

China has vowed to further promote the development of transport infrastructures in Tibet to make travels on "the roof of the world" much easier.

The Ministry of Transport (MOT) said in a guideline that China aims to expand highways in the autonomous region to 110,000 kilometers by 2020.

China plans to complete a primary network of railways by then with 1,300 kilometers of rails in operation. The country will also build more airports in Tibet.

Building roads connecting rural areas has become the policy focus. The authorities plans to make sure that by 2020, every village in Tibet has at least one road connecting with the outside.

To that end, the MOT will beef up support to the construction of transport infrastructures in Tibet and make specific plans to ensure the accomplishment of these targets.

Tibet has received about 83 billion yuan ($13 billion) in transport investment during the last 20 years.

In ancient times, it usually took months even years for people living in the country's middle and eastern regions to get to Tibet.

Although airlines, railways and expressways have made travels to Tibet much more convenient, the transport infrastructures in the autonomous region are still outdated.

"The development of transport in Tibet is crucial to China's national security and lasting prosperity in the autonomous region, " said the MOT guideline.

Source:Xinhua - globaltimes.cn

Οι νεκροί Έλληνες στα μακεδονικά χώματα σάς κοιτούν με οργή

«Παριστάνετε τα "καλά παιδιά" ελπίζοντας στη στήριξη του διεθνή παράγοντα για να παραμείνετε στην εξουσία», ήταν η κατηγορία πο...