Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα sanctions. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων
Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα sanctions. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων

Σάββατο, 5 Αυγούστου 2017

UN Security Council imposes new sanctions on North Korea

The United States negotiated with North Korean ally China for a month on the latest resolution
The United Nations Security Council imposed new sanctions on North Korea today that could slash by a third the Asian state's $3bn annual export revenue over Pyongyang's two intercontinental ballistic missile tests in July.

UN to vote on tougher North Korea sanctions

The U.N. Security Council will vote Saturday on a U.S.-drafted resolution toughening sanctions on North Korea, diplomats said Friday, a proposed ban on certain exports that could deprive Pyongyang of $1 billion in annual revenue.

Παρασκευή, 30 Ιανουαρίου 2015

EU to consider lifting fish import ban on Sri Lanka

The European Commission has offered Sri Lanka assistance to meet the regulatory requirements that would enable an early lifting of ban on fish exports from Sri Lanka to the EU, the Sri Lankan External Affairs Ministry said on Thursday.

The External Affairs Ministry said the decision was made following talks held between Sri Lanka and the European Commission.

Sri Lanka's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mangala Samaraweera, was in Brussels this week in an attempt to have the ban on Sri Lankan fish imports lifted.

Foreign Minister Samaraweera met Belgian Foreign Minister Didier Reynders and members of the European Parliament.

He also held talks with the European commissioner for environment, maritime affairs and fisheries and the European commissioner for international cooperation and development.

Discussions focused on strengthening Sri Lanka's relations with the European Union and Belgium, the steps Sri Lanka has taken and will take to comply with international fishing regulations and the process of requalifying for tariff concessions, the External Affairs Ministry said.

"During the fruitful meetings the European Commission offered Sri Lanka assistance in meeting the regulatory requirements that would enable an early lifting of the ban on fish exports to the EU and displayed strong interest in expanding socio-economic ties and development programmes," the Ministry said.

The EU had imposed the ban after Sri Lanka continued to violate international regulations on deep sea fishing.

Sri Lanka, under the previous government, was given time to remedy the situation before the ban took effect this month, but the government had failed to meet the requirements.

 Source: Xinhua - globaltimes.cn
29-30/1/15
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Σάββατο, 25 Οκτωβρίου 2014

La société Rosneft va effectuer le forage dans la mer de Kara de façon indépendante

La compagnie russe Rosneft va continuer d’effectuer le forage dans la mer de Kara de façon indépendante, a déclaré son PDG, Igor Setchine.

Setchine a souligné qu’une meilleure plate-forme résistante aux glaces participerait à ce travail.

Le PDG de Rosneft n'a pas exclu la possibilité d'une coopération avec la société Gazprom.


La compagnie américaine ExxonMobil ne peut pas participer au forage de puits dans la mer de Kara en raison des sanctions, imposées par les États-Unis envers l'industrie pétrolière de la Fédération de Russie.

Entre-temps, le premier puits Universitetskaya 1 qui a été foré par les deux entreprises conjointement a permis de découvert un nouveau champ. Ses réserves sont estimées à 338 milliards de mètres cubes de gaz et plus de 100 millions de tonnes de pétrole.
french.ruvr.ru/news

25/10/14
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Τρίτη, 14 Οκτωβρίου 2014

Illegal fisheries: green cards for five countries, but red card for Sri Lanka. (EC -14.10.14)

European Commission, Press release, Brussels, 14 October 2014:

In its fight against illegal fishing activities worldwide, the European Commission has today proposed to ban imports of fisheries products from Sri Lanka to tackle the commercial benefits stemming from illegal fishing. The move comes after four years of intense dialogue with the country after which it could not demonstrate that it sufficiently addressed illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. In contrast, the Commission today confirmed that Belize, Fiji, Panama, Togo and Vanuatu, which had received warnings at the same time as Sri Lanka, have successfully taken measures to tackle illegal fishing. Consequently, the Commission proposes to lift the trade measures imposed in March this year against Belize.

European Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Maria Damanaki, said: "Our policy of resolute cooperation is yielding results. Five countries receive today our appreciation for getting serious on illegal fishing. Unfortunately, I cannot say the same for Sri Lanka. I hope that the message we are sending today will be a wake-up call for this country."

Sri Lanka needs to address illegal fishing
According to the Commission's assessment, Sri Lanka has not sufficiently addressed the shortcomings in its fisheries control system identified in November 2012. The main weaknesses include shortcomings in the implementation of control measures, a lack of deterrent sanctions for the high seas fleet, as well as lacking compliance with international and regional fisheries rules.
As a result, the Commission tables a ban on fisheries products caught by Sri Lankan vessels being imported into the EU. In order to avoid disrupting ongoing commercial contracts, the full trade measures will only come into force in mid-January 2015, which is three months after the decision is published in the EU's Official Journal. 

Progress confirmed for Belize, Fiji, Panama, Togo and Vanuatu
The Commission has today also proposed to remove Belize from the list of non-cooperating third countries in the fight against illegal fishing and to end the trade measures imposed against the country in March 2014. Belize has demonstrated its commitment to reforming its legal framework and adopting a new set of rules for inspection, control and monitoring of vessel. The Council will take a decision in this respect.
In a similar vein, the Commission also announced the termination of steps against Belize, Fiji, Panama, Togo and Vanuatu who all received a formal warning in November 2012. The countries have taken concrete measures in addressing established shortcomings and shown commitment to complete structural reforms in order to address illegal fishing.
The Commission has prolonged the cooperation with Korea, Curacao and Ghana until January 2015. Despite some progress achieved in these countries, which have received formal warnings in November 2013, more time is needed in these countries to make changes.
Commissioner Damanaki said: "The improvements Belize made as regards its fisheries control system since its 'red card' show that the EU's fight against illegal fishing works. The formalised cooperation with the EU has helped the country to move towards sustainable fisheries. The same goes for Fiji, Panama, Togo and Vanuatu. These countries' positive attitude should serve as a template to other countries in similar situations."
http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-14-1132_en.htm?locale=en
14/10/14
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Σάββατο, 20 Σεπτεμβρίου 2014

Rosneft Capable of Arctic Drilling Without ExxonMobil. (The East Prinovozemelsky blocks in the Kara Sea)

SOCHI, September 20 (RIA Novosti) - Russian oil giant Rosneft and US oil company ExxonMobil continue the drilling in the Kara Sea, however, the Russian company was prepared to continue work independently should plans have changed, Rosneft Vice President Larisa Kalanda said at the International Investment Forum Sochi 2014.
"The work at the Universitetskaya field is going in accordance to plans. We are satisfied with the decision from the American regulator that has authorized [Exxon's participation]… In the case that the regulator had not authorized Exxon to work at the field, Rosneft had its own plan and was ready to continue work on its own," Kalanda said.

"If Rosneft continued to work on the Universitetskaya project [independently] leading up to the field's commercial opening, partners would be required to enter a new round of negotiations to rejoin the project," she added.
Kalanda declined to comment on the exact date in which the drilling operations in the Kara Sea would finish.
"I would prefer not to name specific dates," she said, adding that, while adopting the work plan for the field, the company's specialists took into account the fact that there was little time to do the drilling.
In 2011, Rosneft signed a cooperation agreement with ExxonMobil to develop the East Prinovozemelsky blocks in the Kara Sea. In exchange for a share of 33 percent of the development in the Kara Sea, Exxon agreed to cover the majority of costs associated with exploratory drilling, which totaled more than $3.2 billion. Estimated recoverable oil resources in the three Kara Sea blocks stand at 6.2 billion tons, according to Rosneft.
Earlier, Exxon said it would assess the impact that western sanctions against Russia may have on their cooperation with Rosneft.
http://en.ria.ru
20/9/14
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Παρασκευή, 19 Σεπτεμβρίου 2014

ExxonMobil receives US government agreement to continue Arctic work with Rosneft. Obama administration granted a brief extension

Previously, sources told Bloomberg that ExxonMobil and Rosneft had halted drilling wells on the Arctic shelf....

American ExxonMobil has confirmed receiving the U.S. government’s permission to continue Arctic drilling works together its partner Rosneft which the company was supposed to stop because of U.S. and European sanctions imposed to punish Russia for escalating tensions in Ukraine, the Bloomberg news agency reported with reference to the company’s statement.


On halting drills

Previously, sources told Bloomberg that ExxonMobil and Rosneft had halted drilling wells on the Arctic shelf.
  • Russia’s Minister of Natural Resources, Sergei Donskoy, however, has not confirmed that information to journalists.
  • "As far as I know, there has been information that drilling could be halted. But these reports have not been confirmed,” Donskoy said.
Rosneft started drilling wells in the Arctic earlier than deadline mentioned in the license. That is why, the minister said, it would be pre-mature to speak about any problems with the license due to disruption of deadlines.
Rosneft and ExxonMobil started drilling on Russia’s northernmost well - Universitetskaya - with the help of West Alpha rig delivered by Norwegian firm North Atlantic Drilling early in August.
Rosneft and North Atlantic Drilling concluded long-term agreements for drilling wells on the Arctic shelf on July 30, 2014.
West Alpha was transported via the Barents, Pechorsk and Kara Seas and installed at a drilling location on the Vostochno-Prinovozemelsky-1 licensed site in the Kara Sea.
http://en.itar-tass.com/economy/750413
19/9/14
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  • Facing U.S. sanctions, Exxon winds down drilling in Russian Arctic....

(Reuters) - Exxon Mobil said on Friday it will wind down drilling in Russia's Arctic in the face of U.S. sanctions targeting Western cooperation with Moscow's oil sector, after the Obama administration granted a brief extension to safely mothball its operations

Washington intensified sanctions on Russia on Sept. 12 over its intervention in Ukraine. The measures seek to stop billions of dollars worth of cooperation between Western and Russian energy companies on oil drilling in Russia's Arctic, in Siberia and offshore. Companies have until Sept. 26 to stop the work...................................http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/09/19/us-usa-exxon-russia-idUSKBN0HE27C20140919?feedType=RSS&feedName=worldNews
19/9/14
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Politically motivated sanctions may jeopardize global energy security. (Russian Energy Minister)

Politically-motivated sanctions may adversely impact global energy security, Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak said on Friday.

He said that no one had bothered to reckon possible impacts of the anti-Russian sanctions on the global energy sector. “In Russia, we try to analyze this situation but as concerns the global situation, as has been noted here by many, it would be better not to tamper with the energy sector, since the balance of energy security is a very delicate balance,” Novak said at the international investment forum in Sochi.


“No one has considered possible consequences,” he said. “We are discussing these issues with CEOs of biggest companies operating in Russia, such as Shell and Total, and neither of them seems to understand how these companies should work in conditions of sanctions. And what will become with contracts signed earlier, what will become with their shares in projects, how they are to withdraw from the project if it comes to that? No one fully understands such things.”

Earlier on Friday, Novak said that France’s Total said it would continue its projects in Russia that had been launched before the sanctions. Total is a partner of Russia’s LUKoil, Novatek and Gazprom in Russian projects.

 [en.itar-tass.com]

19/9/14
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  • Miller: Gazprom Maintains Steady Daily Supply of Gas to Europe

    •  Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said Friday Russia will certainly fulfill all obligations on gas supplies to Europe and Asia.

    “All obligations - European and Asian - will be fulfilled. There should be no doubts here,” Medvedev said in an interview with ITAR-TASS.
    He called “the European direction [of gas supplies] very important” for Russia.

Παρασκευή, 12 Σεπτεμβρίου 2014

Russia tightens energy grip amid 'reverse flow' gas trade

 While the EU prepares to apply a new round of sanctions against Russian energy companies, Poland, Slovakia and Austria have announced delivery shortfalls in their Russian gas imports being piped through Ukraine.

Ukraine started reverse flow of gas imports from Europe through Slovakia, Poland, Austria and Hungary, after Russia halted gas exports to Ukraine in June.


So-called ‘reverse flows’ occur when countries in Europe send gas back down pipelines usually used to carry Russian gas through Ukraine to the West.

On Thursday, Poland’s national gas company PGNiG announced that Russia reduced gas deliveries to Poland by up to 45 percent. Following the announcement, Slovakian gas company SPP and Austrian energy regulation department announced similar decreases, by 10 and 15 percent respectively.

Slovakia has the capacity to supply up to 20 million cubic meters of gas per day to Ukraine, and the two countries struck an agreement on gas trade on September 2.

Poland has been sending 3-4 million cubic meters of gas to Ukraine; however, yesterday’s shortfall in Russian gas has caused the country to temporarily stop its gas exports to Ukraine.

Hungary, another east European neighbor of Ukraine, has been sending up to 5 million cubic meters of gas to Ukraine daily, although the country has the capacity of 15 million.

Russian monopoly Gazprom has strongly criticized the trade of Russian gas via reverse flows; the company says the re-export of Russian gas is against its contracts with the countries involved in such trade.

Consuming about 50 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually, Ukraine was importing some 60 percent of its gas from Russia.
By E. Gürkan Abay
www.aa.com.tr/en

12/9/14
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Δευτέρα, 8 Σεπτεμβρίου 2014

EU mulls over supportive measures on fisheries sector to combat Russian trade ban

The European Union (EU) has planned to provide financial support to fisheries sector, together with a proposal of shifting unused fishing quotas to 2015 to counter Russian trade ban, an EU official said on Monday.

According to a letter, European Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Maria Damanaki reassured the Council and the European Parliament that the European Commission stands ready to support the European fisheries sector.


Damanaki called upon the EU governments concerned by the ban to make use "as quickly as possible" of the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), which can provide financial help to producer organisations who are unable to sell their products to Russia.

This aid enables them to store the unsold products until new markets have been found. She underlined that no approval by the European Commission is necessary to unlock these storage funds.

Damanaki also pointed to flexibility rules which allow Member States to carry over up to 10 percent of their fishing quotas to the following year. According to the letter, she has instructed her services to examine the possibility of going beyond the 10 percent quota flexibility.

Russia imposed imports ban of certain fisheries products from the EU on August 7, composing one part of the EU and Ukraine trade war due to Ukraine crisis.

Russia is the EU's 6th export market for fisheries products. In 2013, EU exports of fisheries products to Russia represented 5 percent, or 199 million euros, of total EU fisheries exports. In 2013, fisheries products represented 0.2 percent of the EU's overall exports to Russia.

The EU is due to announce its new sanctions on Russia later Monday, the European Commission said on Monday, although a ceasefire is generally taking hold in eastern Ukraine.

Responding to EU's upcoming tighter sanctions, Russian Foreign Ministry said last week that reactions will certainly be made by Russia if they are implemented.

Sources: Xinhua - globaltimes.cn
8/9/14
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***Russian trade ban: Commissioner Damanaki ready to support EU fisheries sector with financial help, quota flexibility
European Commission
Press release
Brussels, 8 September 2014

In the light of Russia’s trade ban on certain fisheries products which hit the European fisheries sector this summer, European Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Maria Damanaki, has today reassured the Council and the European Parliament that the European Commission stands ready to support the European fisheries sector. In a letter addressed to Italian Minister Maurizio Martina and the Chair of the European Parliament’s Fisheries Committee, Alain Cadec, Commissioner Damanaki outlined that the EU can provide financial support to the sector as well as the possibility of shifting unused fishing quotas to 2015.
In her letter, Commissioner Damanaki called upon the EU governments concerned by the ban to make use “as quickly as possible” of the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), which can provide financial help to producer organisations who are unable to sell their products to Russia. This aid enables them to store the unsold products until new markets have been found. She underlined that no approval by the European Commission is necessary to unlock these storage funds.
Commissioner Damanaki also pointed to flexibility rules which allow Member States to carry over up to 10% of their fishing quotas to the following year. She underlined that, given the current circumstances, she has instructed her services to examine the possibility go beyond the 10% quota flexibility. The Commissioner said that she could take a positive stance on this option, under the condition that scientific examination confirms that such a proposal would not undermine long term sustainability.
Background
Following Russia’s announcement on 7 August to ban imports of certain fisheries products from the European Union, the European Commission is working closely with Member States authorities to gather evidence on the impact of the Russian trade measures in the fisheries sector and to outline the available support to the sectors affected by the ban. The fisheries products affected by the ban are live, fresh, chilled, frozen, salted, in brine and smoked fish, molluscs and crustaceans. The main Member States exporting these products to Russia in 2013 were Denmark, Latvia, UK, Ireland, Estonia, Spain and France.
In 2013, the total export value of the banned EU fisheries products was close to EUR 144 million, which represents 2% of total value of the EU's fish and aquaculture annual product.
Russia is the EU's 6th export market for fisheries products. In 2013, EU exports of fisheries products to Russia represented 5%, or EUR 199 million, of total EU fisheries exports. In 2013, fisheries products represented 0.2% of the EU’s overall exports to Russia.....................http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-14-980_en.htm?locale=en
8/9/14

Δευτέρα, 11 Αυγούστου 2014

Exxon Starts "Most Controversial Oil Rig in the World”

For the oil industry, business comes first. After years of preparation, on Saturday ExxonMobil began drilling a $700 million well in the Kara Sea in Russia’s Arctic. It is Russia’s most northerly well.

In doing so, the oil giant has ignored growing concerns over Russia’s role in the Ukrainian conflict, and the sanctions imposed on its business partner, Rosneft, which is run by a close associate of Putin, Igor Sechin, who is also personally blacklisted.

Indeed, the go ahead shows just how ineffectual the sanctions against Russia really are. Exxon’s excuse is that the contract to hire the rig was signed before sanctions were announced, but the oil giant is still working with Putin’s blacklisted inner circle.

Exxon has also ignored huge questions over whether an oil spill in the region could be contained. And of course it has totally disregarded the issue of climate change and the need to disinvest from fossil fuels in the most ecologically sensitive areas, such as the Arctic.

Not surprisingly, the start of drilling was praised by President Putin, who many people feel has blood on his hands over Ukraine. Putin sang the praises of Exxon, calling it “Russia’s old and reliable partner.”

He also labelled the joint venture as a model of “efficient international cooperation” which Russia was “open to expand.”

Putin added “businesses, including Russian and foreign companies, perfectly realize that and despite certain current political difficulties, pragmatism and common sense prevail, and we are pleased to hear that.”

Rosneft is certainly excited by the Kara Sea drilling. The well, known as Universitetskaya, is the first of as many as 40 offshore wells the Russian company plans to drill in the Arctic by 2018.

Igor Sechin calls the drilling of the Kara Sea well the “most important event of the year for the global oil and gas industry. As a result of this work we are planning to discover a new Kara sea oil province. Developing of the Arctic shelf has a huge multiplicative effect on the whole Russian economy.”

Sechin brags about the so-called vast reserves of the region arguing that “The volume of resources exceeds the oil and gas resources of the Gulf of Mexico, the Brazilian shelf, the shelf of Alaska and Canada, and it will be comparable to the resource base of Saudi Arabia.”

Exxon for its part said it was keen to carry on investing in Russia. “Our cooperation is a long-term one,” a spokesperson said. “We see big benefits here and are ready to work here with your agreement.”

Many environmentalists are outraged by Exxon’s Arctic plans. Gustavo Ampugnani, an Arctic campaigner at Greenpeace, argues that “The West Alpha platform is fast becoming the most controversial oil rig in the world. He added that Exxon and Rosneft’s plan “to drill in the ecologically sensitive Arctic is nothing less than absurd.”

 http://ecowatch.com
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Germany asks Ukraine not to block Russian gas and oil supplies to Europe

Germany has urged Ukraine not to block Russian gas and oil supplies to Europe. 

“The federal government hopes that Ukraine is not going to implement a measure which Prime Minister (Arseniy) Yatsenyuk announced on Friday,” German government’s spokesperson Steffen Seibert said on Monday.

Yatsenyuk threatened to put an end to Ukraine’s gas dependency on Russia after a government meeting last Friday.


“It’s not going to be easy but we simply do not have another choice,” he said, adding the Ukraine government was suggesting imposing sanctions against any transit via Ukraine’s territory, including air flights and gas transits.
http://en.itar-tass.com/economy/744518
11/8/14

Σάββατο, 26 Ιουλίου 2014

Les USA fourniront du gaz en France.

On apprend que le 17 juillet une filiale du groupe d'énergie « Cheniere » a signe avec EDF un contrat pour la livraison de gaz naturel liquéfié, 770 000 tonnes par an, et ce pour la durée de 20 ans.

Donc, la question se pose: en France, on ne permet pas l’extraction du gaz de schiste par la méthode de coups hydrauliques, mais, derrière, on signe un contrat avec les Etats-Unis qui ont proposé leurs services aux pays européens.

Comment peut-on alors considérer cette décision de la compagnie nationale énergétique française? Nous adressons cette question à Henry Hude, écrivain et philosophe.


Henry Hude. Nous avons la même chose entre la France et l’Allemagne : l’Allemagne a banni le nucléaire et, en même temps, ils importent de l’électricité française qui est produite en grande partie par des centrales nucléaires. Il y a dans tout cela une part d’hypocrisie et peut-être aussi de nécessité politique. Mais il ne faut pas exagérer. J’ai regardé les chiffres : pour EDF, c’est un petit contrat. Cela représente 1,5% de notre consommation dans 2 ou 3 ans et 0,5% aujourd’hui, en supposant qu’on puisse importer cette énergie. Cela reste relativement marginal.

La Voix de la Russie. Je comprends très bien. Mais ce n’est pas seulement la quantité qui est importante. Ce qui compte, c’est le geste. La France est beaucoup critiquée pour être à la merci ou à l’écoute des Etats-Unis, même si c’est difficile à mesurer. Ne pensez-vous donc pas que c’est un geste qui pourrait déclencher une avalanche de critiques vis-à-vis de la France et de ses relations avec les Etats-Unis ?

Henry Hude. Ecoutez, je pense qui y a déjà un problème interne à la France au départ, à l’intérieur de la majorité gouvernementale, un désaccord entre les écologistes et les autres, car la France ne permet pas l’exploitation des gaz de schiste. Mais ce geste s’inscrit aussi a l’intérieur de la politique internationale, c’est certain. EDF est contrôlé par l’Etat à 85% donc ce sont des décisions d’Etat. Il y a l’affaire du Mistral, l’affaire des « sanctions », l’affaire BNP, l’affaire de la Deutsche Bank, … La France comme l’Allemagne est sous pression américaine pour durcir ses positions face à la Russie… Il est possible que cette affaire de gaz soit une concession qui ne coûte pas trop cher. C’est comme ça que je le vois, mais je n’ai pas les moyens de le prouver.

Ces contrats interviennent à un moment ou le PDG d’EDF a des problèmes fiscaux à cause de sa très jeune femme. Je vous passe les détails, mais il faudrait être journaliste d’investigation pour savoir quels sont exactement les tenants et aboutissants de cette affaire.

LVdlR. Faut-il systématiquement rattacher un problème quelconque économique (et là, on parle de fourniture d’électricité ou d’énergie tout simplement) à un aspect politique ? Par exemple, il y a beaucoup de reproches vis-à-vis des Verts qui disent « Il ne faut pas utiliser le gaz de schiste. Il ne fait pas utiliser l’énergie nucléaire. Il ne faut pas ceci, pas cela… » Je sais qu’il y a des voix qui disent : dans la conjoncture actuelle de difficulté économique, il faut essayer par tous les moyens de produire l’énergie, d’être indépendant dans cette production et il faut qu’ils comprennent. En France, a votre avis, où est le futur de ces productions d’énergie entre les éoliennes, la production atomique, les barrages d’EDF dans les Alpes ?

Henry Hude. Vous posez la question à un philosophe, donc ce ne sont pas des questions sur lesquelles je peu avoir un avis. Tout ce que je peux dire, d’un point de vue moral, c’est que l’exploitation du gaz de schiste semble avoir des conséquences sur l’environnement, potentiellement sur la santé publique, qui sont très importantes et qui n ont pas été explorées suffisamment. Aux Etats Unis, il est pratiquement impossible d’avoir des études objectives sur le sujet. Par contre, je pense qu’il est urgent d’attendre, et si d’autres pays veulent faire des expériences, tant mieux ou tant pis pour eux, nous verrons bien après. En tout cas c’est ma position. Par ailleurs il y a pour l’instant le nucléaire ou dans des pays comme la France, qui ne sont pas sismiques, parait être une solution dont de toute façon on ne peut pas se passer dans l’immédiat. Apres, on peut imaginer des révolutions énergétiques, mais je ne sais pas…

LVdlR. Je vous pose cette question, car justement ce qui m’intéresse, c’est le point de vue d’un philosophe. Dans les années 70, vous mentionnez une foule de ces romans fantastiques dans lesquels on disait qu’en l’an 2000 on vivrait un communisme ou une autre organisation planétaire qui serait toujours pour l’homme et qui le rendrait heureux, qu’on volerait sur d’autres planètes, etc. Au lieu de ça on se retrouve avec des petites guerres d’énergie entre les pays qui avaient des relations tout à fait fiables à l’époque.

  • Henry Hude. Oui. De toute façon, l’Europe a joui de paix pendant longtemps parce que l’Union Soviétique et les Etats-Unis étaient décidés à ce qu’il n’y ait pas de guerre en Europe et nous n’avions de toute façon pas la liberté de prendre des décisions de ce type la. C’est pour cela que la situation européenne (si on exclue la Russie de l’Europe) est extrêmement préoccupante car cette tension entre la Russie et le Etats-Unis est très contrariante pour nous et très dangereuse à terme.

LVdlR
. Espérons que la raison triomphe.

Henry Hude. Elle peut en effet triompher.
 http://french.ruvr.ru

26/7/14
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Τετάρτη, 23 Ιουλίου 2014

Russia’s Europe-bound energy supplies should stay outside sanctions (Günther Oettinger)

Russian oil and gas supplies to Europe should not be subject to sanctions over Russia’s stance on Ukraine, European Union Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger said on Wednesday.

The EU energy envoy said he had always spoken against imposing any sanctions on Russian gas and oil supplies. 

He said, however, that Russia depended on Western technologies for offshore hydrocarbon and shale gas extraction.


The EU Council could consider restricting the provision of these technologies to Russia, if Moscow does not contribute to peace in Ukraine, the energy commissioner said.
http://en.itar-tass.com/world/741996
23/7/14
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Πέμπτη, 17 Ιουλίου 2014

Russian energy industry to lose $150-200 billion on fresh sanctions (to hit the plans to develop Arctic offshore fields)

Newly adopted Western sanctions against Russia will inflict at least $150-200 billion of losses upon the Russian energy industry, head of the advisory firm Creon Energy working in this field, Fares Kilzie, told ITAR-TASS.
“These are not some random sanctions - they are solely targeted against Russia’s and Russian energy sector’s sore points,” the expert said. “These are intercorporate sanctions that hit certain companies and certain interests.” In particular, sanctions against Rosneft hit the plans to develop Arctic offshore fields and liquefied natural gas (LNG) sector, while measures against Novatek are aimed at hampering plans with Yamal LNG project.

Meanwhile, Gazprombank will have its equipment and energy plans affected, Kilzie believes.
“Gazprombank does not only hold 49% of Vladivostok LNG - one of its subsidiaries is the United Heavy Machinery Plants (OMZ) operating in import substitution. The companies’ losses will be increasing,” Kilzie said. “All major projects are monopolized by a certain group. A blow to this group’s investments leads to investment losses of others - those who wait for these offshore or LNG projects, namely logistics, transport, technological and technical companies.”
Moreover, the expert is sure sanctions will be expanded and spread onto second-and third-tier companies. 

“I have no doubt at all that the next salvo will be at the second tier. The first tier is the source of ideology and financing for all major energy projects. The second tier comprises contractors. Judging from the sanction list alone, the Russian companies will lose $150-200 billion. Novatek project alone costs more than $20 billion,” said the expert.
According to Kilzie, sanction architects have good understanding of the Russian energy sector. “The list of companies indicates good knowledge of our energy decision-making matrix. Sanctions are really proactive. Modern energy consultants in the West work consistently,” Kilzie said.
http://en.itar-tass.com/world/741115
17/7/14
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Κυριακή, 22 Ιουνίου 2014

Pétrole: Téhéran prêt à compenser la baisse de la production en Irak

Téhéran est prêt à compenser la baisse de la production pétrolière en Irak due à l'aggravation de la situation dans ce pays, rapporte samedi l'agence IRNA, citant le ministre iranien du pétrole Bijan Namdar-Zangheneh.

D'après le ministre, suite aux opérations armées lancées par le groupe djihadiste Etat islamique en Irak et au Levant (EIIL), les prix du pétrole ont augmenté de 5%. Selon des informations publiées la semaine dernière, les islamistes ont attaqué une grande raffinerie de pétrole dans la ville de Baïdji (nord de l'Irak). Ils ont pénétré sur le territoire de l'entreprise et détruit plusieurs réservoirs de pétrole. 


Evoquant les sanctions décrétées par Washington contre l'industrie pétrolière iranienne, M. Namdar-Zangheneh a souligné que Téhéran "cherchait à maintenir le niveau stable de production de pétrole".

Le ministre a également espéré que malgré les sanctions américaines, les compagnies pétrolières étrangères reviendraient en Iran et que des projets portant sur le gaz seraient également relancés. 

Appuyé par des sunnites irakiens et par d'anciens militaires de l'armée de Saddam Hussein, le groupe EIIL s'est emparé en une semaine d'une région irakienne englobant la province de Ninawa, dont Mossoul, deuxième ville du pays, ainsi que d'une partie de la province de Salah ad-Din. Les islamistes menacent d'attaquer Bagdad, ce qui pousse les étrangers à quitter massivement la capitale irakienne.

Dans les régions occupées, les djihadistes pratiquent des exécutions sommaires, contraignant des milliers d'habitants à fuir leurs foyers.

[RIA Novosti]21/6/14 
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Παρασκευή, 20 Ιουνίου 2014

Further US Sanctions May Hamper Russia's Yamal LNG (Report)

Photo: www.arcticgas.gov
The Yamal liquefied natural gas (LNG) project in Russia's Arctic may come under threat, if Washington sanctions technology exports to the Russian oil and gas industry, a senior executive at France’s Total told the Financial Times Thursday. 

Yves-Louis Darricarrère, the head of Exploration and Production at Total, told the FT the project’s reliance on US technology highlights the interdependence of Russia and the rest of the world.
“Yes we need US technology,” Darricarrère said. “Oil and gas industry technology comes from many countries in the world. That’s why we need co-operation not confrontation.”
The CEO of Novatek, Russia's largest independent natural gas producer, Leonid Mikhelson, said Wednesday the West’s sanctions against Russia have not affected project financing plans.

Darricarrère said the project involves many participants, including Russian and Chinese banks that have allowed it to remain on track. However, the French executive said sanctions on the use of Western technology would be a challenge, adding that the project was relying on US technology for its cooling system.

The US hinted that further sanctions against Moscow could result in restrictions on the sale of US technology to the oil and gas sector.
Yamal LNG, a proposed liquefied natural gas plant in Sabetta, northeast of the Yamal Peninsula, involves the construction of facilities to supply 16.5 million tons of LNG per year from the South Tambeyskoye resource base.

The project, which includes the construction of a seaport, airport and power plant, is valued at $26.9 billion. French oil major Total has a 20 percent stake in the project.
Earlier, the US imposed sanctions on a number of Russian officials and 17 companies, following the country’s reunification with Crimea, a former republic within Ukraine that held referendum on secession in March. Washington has also repeatedly threatened Moscow with tougher economic sanctions. Russia’s Foreign Ministry has labelled such measures counterproductive and warned of the boomerang effect they might have.
MOSCOW, June 19 (RIA Novosti)
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